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Each season, AFFAE, Inc. will feature images from a contemporary artist whose work includes the medium of vitreous enamel to create expressive wall hangings and/or sculpture.  Artists who limit their creations to vitreous enamel are few,  but some enamel crafters venture into expressive art, and some artists working primarily in other media at times fall captive to the charms of enamel, despite the challenge of the kiln. We appreciate that images never can capture the qualities of fired work completely, but we will do our best.

Winter 2016-2017

Our enamellist for the winter season is Virgil Cantini

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Virgil Cantini

Virgil Cantini was born in Italy in 1919 and came to the United States with his family as a child.  After serving in the Army in the Second World War he obtained a Master of Fine Arts from the University of Pittsburgh in 1946.  Two years later his enamel, “Masquerade” brought him national attention when it was included in the 13th National Ceramic Exhibition in Syracuse, New York.  He would become one of the most well-known enamellists of the 20th century, with numerous public and private commissions.

"Construction" Enamel on Steel. 1970.

“Construction” Enamel on Steel. 1970.

Raised Catholic, Cantini was drawn to religious subjects, and many of his early works have liturgical themes.  Durable and colorful, vitreous enamel was an ideal medium for large work in public places and examples of Cantini’s work, enamel and sculpture, can be seen around the city of Pittsburgh.

"Three Kings" Enamel on Steel.

“Three Kings” Enamel on Steel.

Cantini was instrumental in creating and directing the Studio Art program at the University of Pittsburgh and he was a faculty member until his retirement in 1989.  He lived and maintained a studio in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh where he and his wife Lucille raised two daughters

"Science and Mankind"  Cantini's large enamels were made on steel panels

“Science and Mankind” Cantini’s large enamels were made on steel panels

A number of his large enamels are visible in public spaces in Pittsburgh.

A number of his large enamels are visible in public spaces in Pittsburgh.

 

Virgil Cantini died in 2009 at the age of 90.

 

For the month of July, 2016

cellini piece 7

The first artist I knew anything about was Benvenuto Cellini. I learned about him while I was still in grade school. Classics Illustrated number 38 was a comic book version of his autobiography, The Adventures of Cellini. Thus, our enamellist of this month is Benvenuto Cellini. Unfortunately, he has only one recognized piece which can be unequivocally attributed to him, and the enamel on this piece is a secondary medium. Yet this piece, the Cellini Salt Cellar, is well know and recognized as a masterpiece. It was stolen some years back and this theft made international headlines, as did its subsequent return.

cellini piece 4

The Cellini Salt Cellar. 1543

The choice of Benvenuto Cellini was also influenced by his colorful life. His autobiography has been read for centuries. I mentioned the Classic Illustrated comic book which intrigued me in grade school. In his stories about himself,  he was an artist who was also a musician, a dueling, swashbuckling lover, a wheeler-dealer with popes and nobility, and a soldier of fortune.. He has had an opera written about him and a big American movie. His adventures would have been a perfect role for Errol Flynn, but the movie “The Affairs of Cellini”  was made before Errol Flynn broke into movies. Cellini was played by Frederic March. Not bad!  Recently, Terry Gilliam  made a TV movie “Benvenuto Cellini”

Cellini piece 1

The 1947 classic illustrated version of Cellini’s autobiography.

Cellini piece 3

Frederic March as Cellini in a 1934 romantic comedy.

Historians have been quite skeptical about Cellini’s claimed adventures. Too many duels, too many bedrooms, too many irate husbands, too many satisfied royal patrons, and too many lost masterpieces. So what! Let’s accept him as a character and a very superior self promoter and enjoy his masterpiece and his great stories.

Creator: Benvenuto Cellini; Date: 1540-1543; Material: gold, niello work, ebony base; Measurements: overall height 26 cm; Repository: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, inv. 881.

Salt cellar detail showing the complex metalwork and the use of vitreous enamel.

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Salt Cellar detail showing the use of vitreous enamel.

 

 

For the month of June, 2016

Stefan Knapp was an enamelist who led an adventurous life. His enamels could reach incredible sizes, and he developed unique enameling techniques to allow him to make such large enamels.

Knapp was a young man in Poland when the second World War broke out. He was an officer in the Polish military and was captured by the Soviets and placed in a concentration camp. When Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Knapp was allowed to leave and make his way through Asia to British territory. He became a fighter pilot in the Royal Air Force and flew the legendary Spitfire. He was impressed with the sight of agricultural fields whizzing by under his Spitfire. These images later became the themes for some of his abstract enamels.

Stefan Knapp sitting on the wing of a RAF Spitfire during World War 2

Stefan Knapp sitting on the wing of a RAF Spitfire during World War II. (Picture credit to Cathy Knapp’s “Stefan Knapp: A Visionary Artist Who Worked in Enamel”.)

After his war service, Knapp remained in England and became an artist. His experimentation included glass-on-metal art. He liked the results.

Pilgrimage. Enamel on copper. 1956 (24 in x 32 in). Example of early Knapp work.

Pilgrimage. Enamel on copper. 1956 (24 in x 32 in). Example of early Knapp work. (Picture credit to Cathy Knapp’s “Stefan Knapp: A Visionary Artist Who Worked in Enamel”.)

Large mosiac on display at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland. Enamel on steel. 1972. 1,600 square ft.

Large mosaic on display at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland. Enamel on steel. 1972. 1,600 square ft.

 

Needle of Knowledge Obelisk on display at University of Warwick. 1993. Enamel on steel and stainless steel. 11 ft x 4 ft x 4 ft.

Needle of Knowledge Obelisk on display at University of Warwick. 1993. Enamel on steel and stainless steel. 11 ft x 4 ft x 4 ft.

Lavandou Landscape. 3 piece enamel on steel mural. 1980. 6ft x 8 ft.

Lavandou Landscape. 3 piece enamel on steel mural. 1980. 6ft x 8 ft. ( Picture credit to Cathy Knapp’s “Stefan Knapp: A Visionary Artist Who Worked in Enamel”.)

In 1960, Knapp was commissioned by George Farkas to do an abstract enamel covering the entire wall of an Alexander’s Department Store building in Paramus, New Jersey. The commission also included smaller enamels for multiple Alexander’s locations. The enamel (below) was 200 feet long by 50 feet high and weighed 250 tons. Knapp laid the enamels on the floor of a very large building and applied liquid enamel with mop-like brushes. He walked on the enamel panels wearing specially designed skis. The panels were made of steel and the abstract designs reflecting images that had remained in Knapp’s memory from his days as a fighter pilot. Some of the people viewing the enamel were on a nearby elevated expressway and their impression of his image would be similar to what he first saw in his plane as they drove by.

Mural by Stefan Knapp. 1961 Enamel on steel, 200 ft x 50 ft. Originally on display at Alexander's Department Store in Paramus, New Jersey.

Alexander’s Mural. 1961. Enamel on steel. 50 ft x 200 ft. Originally on display at Alexander’s Department Store in Paramus, New Jersey.

The Alexander’s building has been torn down. However the enamel was rescued, and it is now owned by the Bergen Museum of Art and Science in Paterson, New Jersey.

 

For the month of May, 2016

Pat Johnson lives and works in London, UK.  She works on copper and steel panels.  She has done some very large enamels on steel panels for outdoor display.  Her displays have been installed in parks and on two cruise ships.  Her colorful enamels stand out in the North Atlantic climate of cloudy skies and drizzly days.

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Pat Johnson’s enamels at the Chelsea Flower Show.

We are emphasizing her work on steel panels since this is her prominent contribution to the use of enamel in Fine Arts.  Her panels are quite large and a series of adjacent panels makes quite a display of the medium.  She works on these steel panels with a spray gun to apply industrial liquid enamel as well as jewelry enamel which is sifted on.  She fires her enamels at an industrial plant, Burnham Signs, which has made it’s kiln facilities available to her.

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Here are two sets of large steel panels which were displayed at the Chelsea Flower Show.

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The large scale of Pat’s steel panels can be seen here.

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This abstract seascape in a wave shape was installed on a cruise ship.

"Snail Shell" Enamel on Steel 47 x 63 inches.

“Snail Shell” enamel on steel 47 x 63 inches.

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“Abstract” jewelry enamel on steel 30 x 42 inches.

 

For the month of April, 2016

Howard Eisman has said that his art is designed to convey the message that life can be a colorful adventure. Thus, he tries to emphasize color and the illusion of movement in both his figurative and abstract art.

 

"Double Play" by Howard Eisman

“Double play” is a baseball term for an event that consists of swift movement and acrobatic skill performed before a shouting crowd of enthusiastic spectators.  In his enamel on copper piece, “Double Play”, (25″ x 37″).  Eisman tries to capture his moment of excitement.  This enamel is in the W.W Carpenter Enamel Foundation Art Museum in Bellevue, Kentucky.

 

"Euridice and Orpheus" by Howard Eisman

The companion pieces, “Orpheus” and “Eurydice” are both 36″ x 22″, enamel on copper three dimension sculptures. They are meant to be displayed on a pedestal.  The figures, which protrude from their background, are portrayed as heroic and mythical.  The background colors are meant to further define the nature of their personalities.

 

"Stride" by Howard Eisman

“Stride” (36” x 25” ) is a free standing sculpture installed in a garden. It is an abstraction which conveys the sense of incisive and spirited,  self assured movement. It is made with enamel on cut, shaped, and hammered copper. The base of the enamel is painted wood.

 

"The Kelzmaniacs" by Howard Eisman

“The Klezmaniacs” (16.5” X 12”)  enamel on copper and silver, conveys that rampant energy and wild music of a Klezmer band. Their lively, festive music is represented by the texture of the background, the colors and silver wire symbols on the copper to their left.

Howard Eisman  fondly remembers Bill Helwig, who was such a great help to him.

 

For the month of March, 2016

Delia Dante is an internationally recognized metal and enamel artist who works in Boise, Idaho, where she has a studio and a gallery.

One of her pieces, Me Deuce, below, is in a Boise restaurant.   While beautiful, it also may create a somewhat intimidating air.  The theme is the mythological Medusa.

Medusa

Me Deuce

Medusaweb

 

 

skull and pantsDante sometimes likes to play with themes that express the mythology of her geographic location, growing up in San Francisco and settling in Boise, Idaho.

 

Of particular interest in enameling, Dante creates art for the outdoors as well as for the interior.  Here are three enameled variations on an abstract theme mounted on a rustic stone wall.

Waterfall Art Reinvention 1,2 and 3

M Waterfall Art Reinvention 1,2 and 3

reinvention123Here is Unity Fountain, a sculptural waterfall which provides a center to a lovely garden.   This fountain symbolizes eternal love with two trees intertwined in union, ascending from the earth in springtime through the sky into the heavens.

Unity Fountain 7ft x 30in x 24in

Unity Fountain
7ft x 30in x 24in

Unity Fountail detail

For the month of February, 2016

Paul Hultberg, our featured artist, created enamels which are examples of how enamel can be used to make outdoor, large murals. His work also is also a demonstration of the manner in which enamel can be used in abstract expressionist art.

Hultberg was born 1926  in Oakland.   He took some classes at  Fresno State College and the University of Southern  California in Los Angeles.  He later developed a strong interest in mural painting.  He eventually started his own mural painting business in the 1940’s.  He continually experimented with various media to incorporate in his large mural works.  In the early 1950’s he taught painting and drawing at the Brooklyn Museum Art School. There he met Walter Rogalski, a printmaker.  For a year together  they experimented, on combining  painting and printmaking techniques with enamels.  At first, it was small scale, but Hultberg later developed them into his  murals.  His enamels have been featured in museums such as the Museum of Contemporary Crafts in New York.  He’s received numerous architectural commissions, including one for the  Pan Am Building in New York.

Hultberg did not use a kiln for his large mural works. Woodrow Carpenter described the process he used: “Starting with thin copper sheets,  a design was drawn with a brush and thin adhesive, enamel powder sifted on, and then all un-adhered enamel was brushed off leaving bare areas.  The panel was fired in a furnace of his design.”  Each panel was laid on heat- resistant bars, below which was a cart equipped with gas torches.  The cart was moved from one end of the panel to the other to fuse glass onto the metal.  The enamel was fused to the copper while the bare areas oxidized.  Upon cooling the panel was rolled flat.  The oxidation popped off leaving a glass design on a background of  various colors of copper oxide.”

Please note :  AFFAE DOES NOT RECOMMEND FIRING ANY ENAMELS IN THE MANNER PRESENTED ABOVE.  It is very dangerous : it could start a fire or an explosion.  In addition, such a firing method reduces control of the enamel image, and it may limit the durability and stability of the fired enamel.

Below are some enamel art works done by Hultberg. Please click on the images to enlarge, and for details on the pieces.

Albany1 Albany11Alabany111 columbusparklobby Found_Horizon lady APPLE_DAPPLE_by_Paul_Hultberg_1986.jpg

 

 For the month of January, 2016

To begin 2016 on a note of innovation, our recognition in January will not be for a single individual enamel artist, but for the Enamel Guild NorthEast (EGNE) and particularly their Exhibition Committee.  At the end of 2015, EGNE mounted an exhibition ONLINE only.   For the show, called “Under Fire,” pieces were selected for inclusion based strictly on online images, rather risky because it is so difficult to capture enamel surfaces.  The intrepid curator, Barbara Seidenath is a metalsmith/enamelist who teaches at Rhode Island School of Design.  Her selections are inclusive:  “The works range from traditional designs and techniques to thoughtful explorations of form, as well as the experimental use of enamel, all reflecting the diverse ways this medium can be interpreted and applied.”  Submissions to “Under Fire” came from 20 U. S. states and 4 other countries.    Most of the works are categorized as jewelry and vessels, with 15 pieces of wall art or sculpture.  The 15 works are shown below with the artists’ names arranged alphabetically.   Kudos to Enamel Guild North East for this innovation.

EGNE 1-6

Egne 7-15 2

For more information please check out The Enamel Guild North East – https://www.enamelguildnortheast.org/under-fire/#gallery

 

Opening of the Enamelist Society Exhibition at the Gallery of the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen, 1/15/2016.

Kudos to the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen!  On Friday evening, My wife was blown away by the overall impression of creativity and color at their opening of the Enamelist Society exhibition at the League’s  gallery in Concord, N.H.

The venue is considerably more attractive than typical bare rectangular spaces within which enamel art and craft often is displayed.  The League has occupied their current location for about three and a half years, and the gallery space has been designed specifically to accommodate art and craft exhibits, with matte black 10-foot ceiling, many great high windows, and movable walls that provide for interesting reconfigurations of the interior space.   Catherine Green and her Gallery Committee set up the exhibit to show each piece to advantage and create a breathtaking display.  In deference to the artists, no photographing was done in the main gallery, but attached are images of the gracious refreshment table and the display in the adjacent Grodin Museum of selected pieces from the League’s permanent collection.  A steady stream of visitors enjoyed the exhibit, welcomed by knowledgeable volunteers who offered information and conversation about the exhibition and the gallery.

Food Table

Food Table

Grodin Museum

Grodin Museum

The gallery space is helmed by an amazing sculptural reception desk shown below.  This project, called “Handcrafting our Headquarters,” was completed lovingly by six New Hampshire craftsmen who consider the work a collaboration in its highest form.   Of particular interest to enamelists, nested inside carved wooden frames around the base of the desk are panels of copper.  The panels were crafted by Steven Hayden, who applied several thick layers of specially formulated enamels, creating lines and producing a raised texture.  He then used torch firing, with careful adjustment of the oxygen in the flame, to create a subtle array of colors from the finely ground copper oxide suspended within the enamel.

Sculptural Reception Desk

Sculptural Reception Desk

There are many considerations that go into the selection of a venue to show our enamels.  The welcoming, impressive aesthetics of the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen make their gallery a superb choice.  The exhibition continues until March 18, 2016, and I heartily recommend a visit.

Howard Eisman


 

December 2015

For the month of December, 2015 Featured Enamelist:  Anne Dinan Anne Dinan is a regionally recognized fine art enamelist who innovates by combining vitreous enamel with photographic images.  Some of her images are included in Christopher James’ “3rd Edition:  The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes,” 2015.  Her process is kiln …

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November 2015

For the month of November, 2015 Featured Enamelist:  Jessica Calderwood Jessica Calderwood is a fine art enamelist who innovates both in technical explorations and in theme.  Born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1978, she received her BFA from the Cleveland Institute of Art and her MFA from Arizona State University.  Her …

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October 2015

For the month of October, 2015 Featured Enamelist:  Juan Esteban Perez Estaban Perez is a fine art enamelist who has been experimenting and innovating for forty years.  Born in 1939, he is part of that “second generation” of elders continuing to build a legacy of enamel fine art in the United States.  …

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September 2015

For the month of September, 2015 Alchemy 3: A Review Howard Eisman I have always been fascinated by colors. I almost became a chemist because I was fascinated by a solution of copper nitrate. The blue was hypnotizing.  My first attempt at a dissertation in psychology was a study of …

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August 2015

For the month of August, 2015 Featured Enamelist: Gabrielle S. Castonguay Mary and I had the pleasure of meeting Gabrielle and her husband and child at the Enamel Society Conference in Beverly Massachusetts in August of 2015. Gabrielle won a prize for her wall piece, Clair de jour  (8″ x 8″). …

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Enamel Art In Public Places

Enamel Art In Public Places   Signs in the late 19th century and early 20thcentury used a lot of enamel. It was the best material for waterproof and fade proof colors located on signs on our streets. It allows easy removal of graffiti. It was a most visible medium in …

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